What does it mean when it comes to parasites in the human body? In medicine, parasites are called various pathogenic micro and macroorganisms that are like parasites inside or outside the host, receiving good nutrition from it.
These parasites include a large family of pathogens for infectious, somatic and parasitic diseases in humans: helminths (worms), viruses, fungi, insects, bacteria, protozoa, rickettsiae and others.
Human parasitic diseases are caused by arthropods, helminths, multicellular parasites and protozoa - plasmodia, lamblia, Trichomonas and toxoplasma.
The mechanism of transmission of pathogens for parasitic diseases
Parasites from the external environment enter the human body in several ways. For example, helminths enter the digestive tract through dirty hands, greens, legumes, berries and poorly washed fruits. After the introduction of some or other parasites in the body, the person begins to suffer from ascariasis, toxocariasis, enterobiasis, echinococcosis, alveococcosis. In the environment, the parasite's larvae and eggs can often be found in water or soil contaminated with faeces.
At low temperatures or drying, the parasites do not die, they maintain their viability for many years. Young children are infected by contact with infected toys, dirty clothes and sand from litter boxes. The greatest risk of contracting parasitic diseases is seen in those who prefer to taste everything.
And also among the category of people who do not observe personal and industrial hygiene. Pork meat, as well as bovine tapeworm (teniasis and teniarosis), enters the digestive tract through the mouth with meat products that have not been sufficiently heat treated. Fish that have been insufficiently thermally processed or slightly salted can be infected with worms (the agent that causes opistorquiasis) and tapeworms. The same goes for fish eggs.
In some countries with hot and humid climates, some parasites (filariae and heartworm) are transmitted by mosquito, tick, mosquito and flea bites. In medicine, there is that name - reinvasion. This is a condition of parasitic reinfection of people who have a habit of biting their nails. Medical statistics say that anyone on earth at least once in their life suffers a parasitic invasion, especially at age 14.
Parasites in the human body - symptoms of diseases
Today, medicine has data on 250 types of helminths that parasitize a person's skin, digestive system, and tissues and internal organs. While in the intestine, they cause acute pain of varying intensity, discomfort in the abdominal cavity, based on this, the patient feels nausea, vomiting, frequently malformed stools or constipation.
Helminths cause the development of diabetes mellitus, arthritis, eye diseases, cholecystitis, cystitis, hepatitis, urethritis, pancreatitis, myocarditis, pneumonia (pneumonia). It does not make sense now to describe the symptoms of all the diseases listed above, the description of which is available on the corresponding pages of the website.
Parasites, receiving food from their host, cause a deficiency of iron, protein, potassium, amino acids, manganese, vitamins and many other useful microelements in your body. In this context, patients complain of general weakness, severe fatigue, headaches. Even with good nutrition, these patients lose weight. But sometimes obesity occurs with metabolic disorders that occur with some helminthiasis: bovine tapeworm and broad tapeworm.
Opaque and brittle nails and hair. The persistence of health problems associated with a lack of B vitamins can cause anxiety, nervousness and unexplained irritability in adults. And in children, the adequacy of behavior is observed. Pathogens that parasitize the liver cause poor sleep, with frequent awakening in the morning. Patients have impaired memory, poorly assimilate educational materials, communication with other people is somewhat difficult.
The cysticercosis of the pig tapeworm penetrates the brain tissue, contributing to the occurrence of seizures of the epileptic type. There are also violations of speech and vision, movement and sensitivity, delirium and hallucination, loss of consciousness. The abundance of severe symptoms often makes doctors suspect the formation of brain tumors.
Patients complain of interruptions (arrhythmia) in the functioning of the heart, palpitations, itchy skin with rashes on the surface. The presence of parasite larvae in the lungs causes the development of obstructive bronchitis and even bronchial asthma. The bronchial tree is frequently affected by larvae of ascaris and toxocara, cysticerci or pig tapeworm eggs.
Less often, parasites infect the inner layers of the skin, causing discomfort in the form of crawling and swarming, scabies. All types of parasitic disease pathogens are able to actively suppress the protective properties of the host organism. The pathology mechanism consists of the production of anti-enzymes by parasites that impede the digestion of food.
Based on this, intestinal infections, acute respiratory diseases, intoxications and colds arise, there is a real risk of developing oncological pathologies. A clinical blood test indicates signs of anemia (anemia), eosinophilia, folate, protein, vitamin B12 and iron deficiencies.
With several helminthiasis, the symptoms listed above and a few others are observed. It all depends on the location of the parasites. Eye diseases are possible: uveitis, conjunctivitis, damage to the lens and retina and even total loss of vision.
Diagnosis of parasites in the human body
Before prescribing a course of treatment, the attending physician thoroughly examines the patient to clarify the diagnosis of the disease. In this case, he will be assisted by the bacteriological examination of the feces, in which helminth eggs are found; in the conjunctival sac, the larvae of the pig tapeworm are usually isolated. Long-lived adult worms several tens of centimeters long fly out of the rectum with active physical effort or effort.
Eggs and larvae of all types of parasites are found by examining feces under a microscope. However, there are often difficulties in identifying the agents that cause the disease. They may not be visible in the stool. A biochemical blood test shows the presence of class G immunoglobulin and the state of immunity, which decreases when the parasites are affected. But this cannot serve as an indicator of the type of pathogen.
Therefore, the search result can remain positive for several years. It is clear that the presence in the body of a large accumulation of parasites leads to a significant decrease in immunity, a decrease in the immunoglobulin titer or the complete absence of them. Class M immunoglobulin is found in the acute period of invasion, but within a short period of time. The presence of this immunoglobulin reliably indicates the presence of parasites in the body.
How to get rid of parasites on the body
The doctor prescribes treatment mainly for patients with obvious signs of parasite infection: the use of vegetables and (or) unwashed fruits, herbs, poorly processed slices, contact with animals, sucking fingers and biting nails. In each case, the doctor individually prescribes a complex treatment, as inadequate therapy often leads to serious complications.
For example, taking medicines against pig's tapeworm can lead to the fragmentation of the pathogen and the spread of its parts to various organs, with the ensuing consequences.
Special preparations allow you to get rid of the simplest parasites. The treatment scheme is developed individually, taking into account the type of pathogen, the possible side effects and the patient's age. Typically, two or more courses of conservative therapy are held at three-week intervals. Probiotics actively help to fight the parasites that have invaded the body, they normalize the active microflora. Natural fermented milk products - fermented cooked milk, kefir and others - also help. The products of the decomposition of parasites (toxins) are effectively removed from the body by a group of enterosorbents.
If a patient develops rashes and allergic reactions, antihistamines are added to the main treatment.
Folk remedies for parasites in the human body
Traditional medicine has many remedies and prescriptions against parasites. Our ancestors, having no modern medicines, created helminths with garlic, onion, pumpkin seeds, pumpkin oil, red pepper, ginger, mustard, horseradish, bitter wormwood, cloves, black and manchu nuts, avran, tansy, bark. pomegranate, chanterelles (mushrooms), carrots and strawberries.
Marigold, Saussurea, currant leaves, lespedets, sauerkraut pickles, cumin and dill seeds, strawberries, birch leaves help to get rid of the simplest parasites.
Traditional medicine recipes for parasites
- Recipe No. 1.Chop a medium onion, pour a glass of boiling water into a thermos and leave for 12 hours, then filter. Drink the entire contents on an empty stomach the next morning.
- Recipe No. 2.Mix 100 g of crushed pumpkin seeds with 100 g of sugar. Take orally in the morning before breakfast for 3 tbsp. spoons of the mixture and immediately drink 3 tablespoons. spoons of castor oil.
- Recipe number 3.Pour a glass of boiling water over 2 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed dry leaves of absinthe, leave for three hours, strain. Treat for 10 days straight, taking 3 teaspoons in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Prescription No. 4.It is used for patients with a sensitive stomach. Insist on 6 hours on 2 tablespoons. tablespoons of chamomile and hawthorn bark in a glass of boiling water. Filter and drink the whole infusion in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Recipe No. 5.Mix 1 teaspoon. oak bark, hawthorn, tansy and medicinal chamomile. Insist on the mixture for 6 hours in half a liter of boiling water. Filter and drink 100 ml in the morning before breakfast. Treatment in all cases is long - from 40 to 90 days. Although the effectiveness of herbal products is less than that of pharmaceutical preparations, they improve the functioning of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, the general condition of the patient and do not allow reinfection. Choleretic herbs remove parasites from the gallbladder and ducts.
- Recipe No. 6.Used for the breeding of protozoa. 1 tablespoon. me. Pour the chopped sausage with a glass of boiling water, let it steep for three hours and filter. 1 tablespoon. me. 3 r / d before a meal in 30-40 minutes.
- Recipe No. 7.Also from protozoa. The composition includes equal parts of crushed herbs of peppermint and cinquefoil, elecampane root and sandy immortela flowers. We insist for 3 hours (2 tablespoons of the mixture in 500 ml of boiling water). ⅓ cup three times a day for a month before meals for 1 hour.
If there is no complete cure, repeat the course of therapy.